Sunday, 15 November

18:14

"Life Is Bigger Than Explanations" – To Rome's Lutherans, Pope Talks Conscience on Communion [Whispers in the Loggia]

Before anything else, greetings from Baltimore and the eve of this 97th November Plenary of the Stateside bishops, the public sessions beginning just after 10am Eastern Monday due to early regional meetings.

Even if the halls here are already full of conversation, yet again this Sunday's sudden top-line comes from Rome, where the Pope visited the city's Evangelical Lutheran church for an ecumenical dialogue. (Indeed, with an eye to the coming 500th anniversary of the German Reformation in 2017, today's event follows quickly on the heels of Declaration on the Way, a major joint statement from the USCCB and Evangelical Lutheran Church of America rolled out earlier this month as a roadmap for the path forward.)

Among the handful chosen to take part in today's Q&A, Francis heard from a member of the mostly German-Swiss congregation who, speaking of her marriage to a Catholic, addressed "the hurt we've felt together due to [their] difference of faith" and asked about their ability "to finally participate together in Communion."

In an answer that's almost certain to resonate broadly across the ecumenical scene (and elsewhere, quite possibly show his hand on his intended course following last month's Synod on the Family), the pontiff – clearly wrestling with the plea – pointedly appealed less to the standard prohibition of the Eucharist for Protestant communities than to the woman's discernment in conscience.

As if to reinforce the point, in a move clearly decided in advance, Francis publicly presented the pastor with a chalice which appeared identical to the ones the Pope gave the archbishops of Washington, New York and Philadelphia during his late September US trip.

On another context front, meanwhile, having employed Q&A as a favorite format with no shortage of groups over time, Papa Bergoglio is customarily appraised of the questions to be put to him in advance – and given the situation here, it'd be practically impossible to believe that Francis didn't anticipate the topic coming up. Along these lines, it was oddly telling that the Pope referred positively to the deeply irregular situation of Jerónimo Podestá – the Argentine bishop who fled his ministry to marry in 1968 – to whom the now-Pope was close at his death in 2000, and to whose widow Francis has remained in contact both before and since his election, all while the country's other prelates kept a disapproving distance.

All that said, as Cardinal Walter Kasper looked on between the current Ecumenism Czar Cardinal Kurt Koch and the Papal Vicar for Rome, Cardinal Agostino Vallini, below is the fullvideo of the exchange on intercommunion, and an English translation of the Pope's reply, which the congregation greeted with warm smiles and an ovation:


The question on sharing the Lord’s Supper isn’t easy for me to respond to, above all in front of a theologian like Cardinal Kasper – I’m scared!

I think of how the Lord told us when he gave us this mandatum to “do this in memory of me,” and when we share the Lord’s Supper, we recall and we imitate the same as the Lord. And there will be the Lord’s Supper in the final banquet in the new Jerusalem – it’ll be there! But that will be the last one… in the meantime, I ask myself and don’t know how to respond – what you’re asking me, I ask myself the question. To share the Lord’s banquet: is it the goal of the path or is it the viaticum [etym. “to accompany you on the journey”] for walking together? I leave that question to the theologians and those who understand.

It’s true that in a certain sense, to share means that there aren’t differences between us, that we have the same doctrine – underscoring that word, a difficult word to understand. But I ask myself: but don’t we have the same Baptism? If we have the same Baptism, shouldn’t we be walking together? And you’re a witness of a likewise profound journey, a journey of marriage: itself a journey of family and human love and of a shared faith, no? We have the same Baptism.

When you feel yourself a sinner – and I’m much more of a sinner – when your husband feels he’s sinned, you go forward to the Lord and ask forgiveness; your husband does the same and also goes to the priest and asks absolution, [thus] I’m healed and kept alive in my Baptism. When you pray together, that Baptism grows, becomes stronger. When you teach your kids who is Jesus? Why did Jesus come? What did Jesus do for us?, you’re doing the same thing, whether in the Lutheran language or the Catholic one, but it’s the same.

The question [Pope draws question mark with his finger]…. The supper? There are questions that only if one is sincere with oneself and the little theological light one has, must be responded to on one’s own. See for yourself. This is my body. This is my blood. Do it in remembrance of me – this is a viaticum that helps us to journey on.

I once had a great friendship with a bishop who went a little wrong – 48 years old, he married [then had] two children. This made for great discomfort in him – a Catholic wife, Catholic children, him a bishop. He accompanied them on Sunday, his wife and children, to Mass, and then went to worship with his community…. It was a step toward his participation in the Lord’s Supper. Then he went forward, then the Lord called him [to realize] “I’m not right.”

I can only respond to your question with a question: what can I do with my husband that the Lord’s Supper might accompany me on my path? It’s a problem that each must answer [for themselves], but a pastor-friend once told me that “We believe that the Lord is present there, he is present” – you believe that the Lord is present. And what's the difference? There are explanations, interpretations, but life is bigger than explanations and interpretations. Always refer back to your baptism – one faith, one baptism, one Lord: this Paul tells us; and then consequences come later.

I would never dare to give permission to do this, because it’s not my own competence. One baptism, one Lord, one faith. Talk to the Lord and then go forward. [Pauses] And I wouldn't dare – I don’t dare say anything more.
SVILUPPO: In a Sunday afternoon email to its collaborators obtained by Whispers, the US-based Evangelical Lutheran Church of America announced that – at a Chicago meeting of its governing council today – the group "voted unanimously, and with warm enthusiasm, to accept the Statement of [32] Agreements" in its joint Declaration on the Way with the nation's Catholic bishops, and that "receiving the agreements recognizes that there are no longer church-dividing issues with respect to these Statements."

-30-

11:28

The Firmness of Faith in the Cataclysm of Time [Mary Victrix]

Una traduzione abbreviata italiano segue la versione inglese.

Sources below*


“But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. And then they will see the Son of man coming in clouds with great power and glory” (Mk 13:14-26).

In today’s gospel, Our Lord portends the signs that will accompany the end of the world. The heavens will be shaken to their foundation. The universe will literally come apart, constituting the dissolution of all things of time and the advent of eternity. The sun, moon and stars along with the firmament in which they are set will collapse and fall, and, thus, so shall we.

This is the exact opposite of the way it is all began. The Holy Spirit says in Isaiah:

My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together (48:13).

And in the Book of Daniel, which is the first reading in today’s Mass, the prophet likens the wise among men with the stability of the heavens:

And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the firmament; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever (12:3).

In the Collations on the Six Days of Creation (8, 1-2), St. Bonaventure comments on this verse from Daniel as representative of the firmness of faith. The context is the second day of creation when God stretches out the firmament of heaven and separates the waters below the firmament from those above (cf., Gen 1:6-8). The firmament of heaven is literally a barrier between the two waters, and in it is fixed the heavenly bodies: the sun, moon and stars. Bonaventure says that etymologically caelum, or heaven, is related to the act of engraving, so that we can say that the heavens are engraved with heavenly lights. They are fixed firmly in the heavens.

All light comes from the heavens. Faith is a light that comes from heaven. Thus, faith, according to Bonaventure, is not only lofty and deep, but is also firm like the firmament of the heavens. It is something that cannot and will not pass away until the end of the world, when only charity will remain. Our Lord says in today’s gospel: Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away (Mk 13:31).

The biblical architecture of the universe has the dome of the sky stretched from horizon to horizon and set upon the pillars of the earth. The firmament is not only the boundary between the waters which bring down the rain and those below in the seas, but also the throne upon which God sits. Isaiah writes:

It is he who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers; who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them like a tent to dwell in (40:22).

The sacred writer chose to use this figure of God stretching out the heavens as a kind of pitching of a tent for God to dwell in for two reasons. First, because the majestic sky with its brilliance by day and its grandeur by night manifests God’s creative and ordering power. Second, because the sky as the arena of light becomes the sign of the brilliance of His epiphany to the world, both through the wonder of nature and through the light of revelation. God is present, dwelling in his brilliant abode of light, and though He is above us in the firmament, His light radiates upon us, creating, sustaining and saving us.

But there is more to the figure of the “stretching of the heavens” or the pitching of God’s tent. He also stretches out the heavens in order to descend among us. We read in the psalms:

He stretched out the heavens, and came down; thick darkness was under his feet. He rode on a cherub, and flew; he came swiftly upon the wings of the wind. He made darkness his covering around him, his canopy thick clouds dark with water (18:9-11).

So he comes down through the heavens on the cherubim in the cloud of his glory and creates a canopy over Himself on earth. He literally does this on the mercy seat between the two cherubim over the Ark of the Covenant in the tabernacle tent pitched by Moses on the face of the earth. In fact, we read in the Letter to the Hebrews that the Jews

serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary; for when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain” (Heb 8:5).

So there is a liturgical element to the firmament of heaven and the firmness of faith. In the Eastern Church they see this clearly. The hierarchical view of Pseudo-Dionysius and the mystagogy of Maximus the Confessor saw sanctuary of the Church as the heavens and the nave as the earth, the golden central dome was the firmament in which God dwelled. Maximus writes:

This is like another sort of Church not of human construction which is wisely revealed in this church which is humanly made, and it has for its sanctuary the higher world assigned to the powers above, and for its nave the lower world which is reserved for those who share the life of sense (The Church’s Mystagogy, c. 2).

Thus, the dome of the heavens is the created sanctuary and sign of God’s epiphany in creation, and the Jewish tabernacle and later the Christian Church, the locus of the reordering of fallen creation—the macrocosm of the universe and the microcosm of man.

So Bonaventure likens the stability of the firmament of heaven, which is the source of light, to the firmness of faith. In the Collations on the Six Days, he also says that the sun represents the celestial hierarchy of the Blessed trinity and choirs of angels, because it is the ultimate source of light. The moon represents the Church Militant, which he says, quoting Sirach, is an instrument of the armies on high, shining gloriously in the firmament of heaven (43:9). The moon is not the source of light, and it waxes and wanes as it passes through time, but it is prepared for war, that is, for the vicissitudes of time, just like the Church. Bonaventure says the stars represent the hierarchized human mind, which are lesser lights, but are ordered according to the heavenly pattern of faith.

By “hierarchized human mind” Bonaventure means a soul reordered according to the sacred pattern of the Trinity, which is a perfect communion of knowledge and love. The soul is like the Trinity with an origin in memory (reflecting the Father), an image in the Intellect (reflecting the Son), whose acts, ordered according to the pattern, are reducible to charity in the will (reflecting the Holy Spirit). The Blessed Trinity is the Supercelestial Hierarchy who orders all things in the heavens, in the Church and in the human mind.

Thus, all things are ordered in the firmness of the heavens, originating in the radiance of the Blessed Trinity and illuminating the Church, so that man can receive the light of faith and through its firmness grow in charity and return all things to God through the ascent of the mind to Him. But for this to happen the Light of the World must pitch his tent among us on earth, not in an ark made of wood and gold but of human flesh. Hence, the Word, eternal, incarnate and inspired, in the Hierarchy of the Blessed Trinity, is the Middle Person who is also Mediator and Hierarch. Christ is at the center of the Trinity, the universe, man and of time.

In the Collations on the Six Days Bonaventure says that the Woman Clothed with the Sun, with the moon under her feet, crowned with twelve stars (Apoc 12:1) is the hiearchized human mind or the saint prepared for battle by being both a contemplative man and a man of the Church (col. 20, 27-28), but in his Marian sermons Bonaventure more often says that this woman is Our Lady, who he identifies with the Mulier fortis (the strong Woman) of proverbs (31:10). In Bonaventure’s Collations on the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Gift of Fortitude is exemplified by this strong Woman, who is in travail at the foot of the Cross. On Good Friday, the Immaculate stands firmly in faith as the sun is eclipsed, and the heavens are shaken to their foundation.

In reality the heavenly woman for Bonaventure is all three: the Immaculate, the Church and the hierarchized human mind, because the Immaculate is the exemplar of the Church, and as New Eve is the hierarchized human mind par excellence. In one of his sermons for the Assumption, by the Woman clothed with the sun Bonaventure signifies Our Lady who is clothed in the sun of resplendent wisdom, and stands over the moon that represents the angelic and human hierarchies beneath Her. The stellar crown represents a threefold coronation, glorious, luminous and precious because She is perfectly ordered to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, through action, contemplation and perfection.

All this brings us back to Our Lord’s portending the end of the world, when the heavens—firmament, sun moon and stars—will burn out and fall from the sky. They are created signs and they will fail, but what they represent will not. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away (Mk 13:31). Like the sun, the faith is firm and fixed with a deposit which will remain unadulterated in the indefectible Church till the end of the ages, but like the moon the Church suffers the vicissitudes of time, and men, like stars must faithfully stay their course to the end. Though it is put through a cosmic cataclysm, faith will not fail, nor will the Giver of light fail to give faith, nor fail those who desire to be faithful to Him.

When that moment comes, Christ will appear in glory, but meanwhile we experience our own personal eclypses and cataclysms as we wax and wane through time.  And so does the Church.  What seems firm and unshakable as the rising and setting of the sun is subject to the tribulations of history, and yet as the courses of the heavenly bodies remain—as much as anything—sure and predictable, so they are they created signs of what is absolutely changeless and unfailing.  Christ is the Lord of and center of history, and He is master of His Church. As St. John Paul spoke of the Immaculate Conception in 2004:  “The Virgin’s ‘yes’ to the Angel’s annunciation is situated in the concreteness of our earthly condition, in humble gift to the divine will of saving humanity not from history, but in history.”

Those like Our Lady, who say “yes” to God, know what to believe and what to do; that which remains is what they hope for, when night shall be no more; and they will need no light of lamp or sun, for the Lord God will be their light, and they shall reign for ever and ever (Apoc 22:5).

God stretches out the heavens and comes down on our altars in every Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. May the Immaculate, the Mulier fortis, strengthen our faith and make it firm and unshakable as we stand with Her at the foot of the altar. Like Abraham, Our Lady in hope believed against hope in the face of the end of Her world, and so also must we (Rom 4:18). And then we will see the Son of man coming in clouds with great power and glory.


*For the preceding reflection on the readings from the Mass for the 33rd Sunday in ordinary time, I am indebted to the following two works:  Norman C. Habel,  “He who stretches out the heavens,”  The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 34 no 4 Oct 1972, p 417-430, and Rebecca S. Beal, “Bonaventure, Dante and the Apocalyptic Woman Clothed with the Sun,” Dante Studies, with the Annual Report of the Dante Society, no. 114 (1996), pp. 209-228.


«In quei giorni, dopo quella tribolazione,
il sole si oscurerà,
la luna non darà più la sua luce,
le stelle cadranno dal cielo
e le potenze che sono nei cieli saranno sconvolte.
Allora vedranno il Figlio dell’uomo venire sulle nubi con grande potenza e gloria» (Mc 13, 14-26).

Nel Vangelo di oggi, nostro Signore predice i segni che accompagneranno la fine del mondo. I cieli saranno sconvolti alla loro fondazione. L’universo letteralmente sfalderà, costituendo la dissoluzione di tutte le cose del tempo e l’avvento dell’eternità. Il sole, la luna e le stelle insieme al firmamento in cui sono impostati crolleranno e cadranno, e, quindi, così anche noi.

Questo è l’esatto opposto del modo in cui è tutto ha avuto iniziato. Lo Spirito Santo dice in Isaia:

La mia mano ha posto le fondamenta della terra, la mia destra ha disteso i cieli. Quando io li chiamo, tutti insieme si presentano (48:13).

E nel Libro di Daniele, che abbiamo ascoltato nella prima lettura, il profeta paragona i saggi tra gli uomini con la stabilità dei cieli:

I saggi risplenderanno come lo splendore del firmamento; coloro che avranno indotto molti alla giustizia risplenderanno come le stelle per sempre. (12: 3).

Nelle Collazione sull’Esamerone (8, 1-2), S. Bonaventura commenta questo versetto di Daniele come rappresentante della fermezza della fede. Il contesto è il secondo giorno della creazione, quando Dio si stende il firmamento del cielo e separa le acque che sono sotto il firmamento da quelle sono sopra (cfr Gen 1: 6-8). Il firmamento del cielo è letteralmente una barriera tra le due acque, e in essa sono fissati i corpi celesti: il sole, la luna e le stelle. Bonaventura dice che etimologicamente caelum, o il cielo è in relazione all’atto di incisione, in modo che possiamo dire che i cieli sono incisi con le luci celesti. Essi sono fissati fermamente nei cieli.

Tutta la luce viene dal cielo. La fede è una luce che viene dal cielo. Così la fede non è solo alta e profonda, ma è anche ferma come il firmamento del cielo. È qualcosa che non può passare e non passerà fino alla fine del mondo, quando solo la carità rimarrà.

L’architettura biblica dell’universo ha la cupola del cielo che si è stesa da un orizzonte all’altro ed è impostata sui pilastri della terra. Il firmamento non è solo il confine tra le acque che sono sopra, che fa scendere la pioggia, e quelle che sono sotto nei mari, ma anche è il trono su cui Dio siede. Isaia scrive:

Egli siede sopra la volta del mondo, da dove gli abitanti sembrano cavallette. Egli stende il cielo come un velo, lo dispiega come una tenda dove abitare (40:22).

Lo scrittore sacro ha scelto di utilizzare questa figura di Dio che si stendono i cieli come una sorta di piantare una tenda che in cui Dio abiti per due motivi. In primo luogo, perché il cielo maestoso con la sua brillantezza di giorno e di notte, la sua grandiosità manifesta la sua forza creativa e l’ordinativa. In secondo luogo, perché il cielo come l’anfiteatro della luce diventa il segno della brillantezza della sua epifania per il mondo, sia per la meraviglia della natura e per la luce della rivelazione. Dio è presente, sta dimorando nella sua brillante dimora di luce, e se Egli è al di sopra di noi nel firmamento, sua luce irradia su di noi, ci sta creando, sostenendo e salvando.

Ma, c’è di più sul la figura della “estensione dei cieli”, o il piantando della tenda di Dio. Stende anche i cieli per scendere in mezzo a noi. Leggiamo nei salmi:

Ha steso i cieli e discese, una nube oscura sotto i suoi piedi. Cavalcava un cherubino e volava, si librava sulle ali del vento. Si avvolgeva di tenebre come di un velo, di acque oscure e di nubi come di una tenda (18: 10-12).

Così si scende attraverso i cieli sui cherubini e nella nuvola della sua gloria e crea un baldacchino sopra sé stesso sulla terra. Lo fa letteralmente questo sul propiziatorio fra i cherubini sull’Arca dell’Alleanza nella tenda ha piantato sulla faccia della terra. Infatti, leggiamo nella Lettera agli Ebrei che gli ebrei

offrono un culto che è immagine e ombra delle realtà celesti, secondo quanto fu dichiarato da Dio a Mosè, quando stava per costruire la tenda: «Guarda – disse – di fare ogni cosa secondo il modello che ti è stato mostrato sul monte (Eb 8: 5).

Quindi c’è un elemento liturgico al firmamento del cielo e la fermezza della fede. Nella Chiesa d’Oriente che vedono chiaramente. Massimo il Confessore ha visto il santuario della Chiesa come il cielo e la navata centrale, come la terra, la cupola centrale dorata era come il firmamento in cui Dio dimorava.

Così Bonaventura paragona la stabilità del firmamento del cielo, che è la fonte di luce, per la fermezza della fede. Nelle Collazione sull’Esamerone, dice anche che il sole rappresenta la gerarchia celeste della Trinità Beata e cori degli angeli, perché è l’ultima fonte di luce. La luna rappresenta la Chiesa militante, che dice, citando Siracide, è uno strumento degli eserciti in alto, splendente gloriosamente nel firmamento del cielo (43:9). La luna non è la fonte di luce, e si cresce e cale mentre passa attraverso il tempo, ma è pronto per la guerra, proprio come la Chiesa. Bonaventura dice che le stelle rappresentano la mente umana gerarchizzato, che sono luci minore, ma sono ordinate secondo il modello celeste della fede.

Tutte le cose sono ordinate nella fermezza dei cieli, stanno provenendo della radiosità della Santissima Trinità e stanno illuminando la Chiesa, in modo che l’uomo può ricevere la luce della fede e per la sua fermezza crescere nella carità e tornare a Dio attraverso l’ascesa della mente a Dio. Ma perché questo avvenga la Luce del Mondo deve piantare la sua tenda in mezzo a noi sulla terra, non in un’arca di legno e oro, ma di carne umana.

Nei Collazione sull’Esamerone Bonaventura dice che la Donna vestita di sole, con la luna sotto i suoi piedi, coronata di dodici stelle (Ap 12, 1) è la mente umana gerarchizzata o il santo preparato per la battaglia per essere sia un contemplativo e un uomo di Chiesa (col. 20, 27-28), ma nei suoi sermoni mariani più spesso dice che è la Madonna, che si identifica con il Mulier fortis di proverbi (31:10). Nelle Collazione sui Sette Doni dello Spirito Santo, il dono della fortezza è esemplificato da questa donna forte, che è in travaglio, ai piedi della Croce. L’Immacolata rimane fermamente nella fede come il sole è eclissato, e i cieli sono scossi alla loro fondazione.

Quindi, adesso ritorniamo a Nostro Signore che predice la fine del mondo, quando il cielo, firmamento, il sole, la luna e le stelle usciranno e cadranno dal cielo. Sono soltanto i segni creati e falliranno, ma ciò che essi rappresentano no. Come il Sole, la fede è ferma e fissa con un deposito che rimarrà inalterato nella Chiesa indefettibile fino alla fine dei tempi, ma come la luna la Chiesa soffre le vicissitudini del tempo, e le stelle devono fedelmente rimanere nel loro corso fino alla fine. Anche se fossero sottoposti a un cataclisma cosmico, la fede non fallirà, né il datore di luce non fallirà a dare la fede, né falliranno coloro che desiderano essere fedeli a Lui.

Dio stenderà i cieli e scenderà in un momento sul nostro altare. Sia l’Immacolata, la Mulier fortis, a rafforzare la nostra fede e renderla ferma e incrollabile come se fossimo in piedi con Lei, ai piedi di quest’altare. Come Abramo, la Madonna ha sperato contro ogni speranza di fronte alla fine del suo mondo, e così anche noi dobbiamo fare (cf. Rm 4,18). E poi vedremo il Figlio dell’uomo venire sulle nubi con grande potenza e gloria.


Filed under: Blessed Virgin Mary, homilies, Liturgy Tagged: Collations on the Six Days, Eschatology, St. Bonaventure

09:40

More than the angels? [New Sherwood]

New Sherwood

“And in God’s eyes we are the greatest, the most beautiful, the best things about Creation…’But father,
the Angels?’ No, the Angels are beneath us! We are more than the Angels! We heard it in the Book
of the Psalms! God really loves us! We have to thank him for this!”
– Pope Francis, today’s General Audience

“What is man that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man that thou visitest him? Thou hast
made him a little less than the angels, thou hast crowned him with glory and honour: And hast
set him over the works of thy hands.” – Psalm 8:5-7

“So, therefore, God’s mercy is great in the comparison of man to God; but this follows from man in the comparison to the angels, who man comes into proximity to. Thou hast made him a little less. The image
of God is…

View original post 36 more words


09:11

On the pre-eminence of France [New Sherwood]

FrenchFlags

In the wake of yesterday’s Islamist attack on Paris, some people are saying “Yes, that’s bad, but why all this media attention for France? There are recent Islamist strikes in Lebanon, Nigeria, Indonesia, etc. Isn’t the focus on France at best Eurocentric, or at worst racist?”

I’m not a big fan of the American mainstream media, but I will say that the MSM isn’t wrong to give this story prominence and maximum coverage. In the first place, it’s impossible to report everything equally. Choices have to be made, priorities assigned. The Parisian attacks are objectively more important for the world – and for the United States – than similar events in other countries. Why?

France is the “Eldest Daughter of the Church”, an important progenitor of western civilization. There is no escaping the ubiquity of French influence on the civilization we have inherited.

What’s happening in France, a nation with an historically Christian identity, is uniquely instructive for every nation in the West.

France is central to Catholic prophecy, some of which can be reasonably understood to incorporate events like this.

Catholic France was an important ally in the founding of the American Republic.

France once ruled what is now American territory.

The French were some of the earliest American settlers and have had enormous influence on regional cultures in the United States.

Over 9 million Americans claim French ancestry, which is even more than the Scotch-Irish.

France is part of the NATO alliance with the United States.

It isn’t racism or Eurocentrism to make a French catastrophe like this one a media priority. Choices have to be made, priorities assigned. I may not have a drop of French blood, but that doesn’t stop me from acknowledging that France is more important to us – as Catholics, as citizens of the West, and as Americans – than are most countries in the world.


07:57

What is “radical Islam”? [New Sherwood]

Roots1

I’m kind of a stickler for using words properly, much to the chagrin of certain young people in my life.

It’s campaign season. Some candidates are saying that we are at war with “radical Islam”. Others deny this, or they change the subject.

However, I have a sneaking suspicion that even those who admit that civilization is at war with “radical Islam” don’t quite know what they are saying. They are probably trying to say that we are at war with “extremist Islam”, or some variation thereof – but not with Islam itself. Not with “true Islam” anyway, and certainly not with all Muslims. It’s a way of avoiding accusations of religious bigotry. “We’re only against the misguided Islam of the radicals, the fringies, the extremists, not the friendly Islam of most Muslims”.

But the word “radical” has no moral connotations apart from that which it describes. “Radical” is derived from the Latin word “radix”, meaning roots. A radical thing is an authentic thing, true to its roots, pure and unadulterated. “Radical Islam” is precisely true and authentic Islam, the real Islam, the Islam that is faithful to itself. Of course, like any religion, there are followers who stray from its roots – the liberals. Such followers are usually in the “mainstream” of modern societies.

What is a radical Muslim? A Muslim who is like Mohammed. He’s Osama bin Laden or “Jihadi John”. What is a radical Christian? A Christian who is like Jesus. He’s St. Francis of Assisi or St. Damien of Molokai. These are the “radicals”. The former are evil; the latter are holy. We prefer liberal and unfaithful Muslims, not radical Muslims. But we ought to prefer faithful and radical Christians.


02:19

What’s for supper? Vol. 12: O mangi questa minestra o salti dalla finestra [I Have to Sit Down]

  We left for Syracuse on Friday around noon. The first thing I did that morning was say, “What kind of paint?” What kind of paint, that is, did the dog spill, o son who is knocking on my bedroom door first thing in the morning? And was there any possible way I could wait until [Read More...]

Feeds

FeedRSSLast fetchedNext fetched after
XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Καθολικός διάκονος XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
A Blog for Dallas Area Catholics XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
A Clerk of Oxford XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
A Foretaste of Wisdom XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Abbey Roads XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Adelante la Fe XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
AKA Catholic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Aleteia.org XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Andrew Cusack XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Arimathea Atom Feed XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Athanasius Contra Mundum XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Australia Incognita XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Barnhardt XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Beiboot Petri XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Biblical Evidence for Catholicism XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
BRUNONIS XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Called to Communion XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Cardinal Newman Society All Posts XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Catholic Answers XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Catholic Faith and Reason - Our Blog XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Catholic Sacristan XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CatholicCulture.org - Commentary on Catholic News and World Affairs XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CatholicCulture.org - In Depth Analysis of Catholic Issues XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CatholicHerald.co.uk » CatholicHerald.co.uk XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Charlotte was Both XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Chiesa - XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNA - Daily Readings XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNA - Saint of the Day XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNA Daily News XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNA Daily News - Vatican XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNS Movie Reviews XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNS Top Stories XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CNS Vatican News XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Commentary - thomistica XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Community in Mission XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Comunión Tradicionalista XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Conjectures of a Guilty Bystander XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Corpus Christi Watershed news XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Creative Minority Report XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
CRISTIANDAD XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Cum Lazaro XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
David Scott Writings XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Denzinger-Katholik XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Diligite iustitiam XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Dom Donald's Blog XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Dominicana XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Dominus mihi adjutor XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Dyspeptic Mutterings XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Eastern Christian Books XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Edinburgh Housewife XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Edward Feser XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
et nunc XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Ethika Politika XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
EUCist News XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Faithful Answers XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
For the Queen XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Fr Hunwicke's Mutual Enrichment XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Fr Ray Blake's Blog XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Fr. Z's Blog XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Galileo Was Wrong XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Gratia Super Naturam XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
History of Interpretation XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
https://creamcitycatholic.com/feed/ XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
I Have to Sit Down XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
iBenedictines XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
IDLE SPECULATIONS XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
ignatius his conclave XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Il Blog di Raffaella. Riflessioni e commenti fra gli Amici di Benedetto XVI XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
In Campo Aperto XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
In the Light of the Law XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Incarnation and Modernity XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Infallible Catholic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Instaurare Omnia in Christo - The Blog XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Jimmy Akin XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
John G. Brungardt, Ph.L. XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
John V. Gerardi XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Just Thomism XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
katholon XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Korrektiv XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Laodicea XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Laudator Temporis Acti XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Le blog d'Yves Daoudal XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Lectio Divina Notes XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
LES FEMMES - THE TRUTH XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Lex Christianorum XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Ley Natural XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Little Flower Farm XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
LMS Chairman XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Loved As If XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
marcpuck XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Mary Victrix XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Mathias von Gersdorff XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Musings of a Pertinacious Papist XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
New Liturgical Movement XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
New Sherwood XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
New Song XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
News - thomistica XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
NICK'S CATHOLIC BLOG XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
One Mad Mom XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
OnePeterFive XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Opus Publicum XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Over the Rhine and Into the Tiber XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Oz Conservative XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Paths of Love XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Psallam Domino XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
RORATE CÆLI XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
RSS XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Sancrucensis XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Scholastiker XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Semiduplex XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Siris XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Spirit of Teuchtar II XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
St. Conleth's Catholic Heritage Association XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
St. Peter's List XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Steeple and State XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Symposium XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Tęsknota XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Taylor Marshall XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Tea at Trianon XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
That The Bones You Have Crushed May Thrill XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The American Catholic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Badger Catholic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Catholic Dormitory XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Catholic Thing XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The City and the World XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Daily Register XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Deacon's Bench XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Divine Lamp XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Eponymous Flower XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The hermeneutic of continuity XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Jesuit Post XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Josias XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Lepanto Institute XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Low Churchman's Guide to the Solemn High Mass XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Paraphasic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Prosblogion XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Rad Trad XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Remnant Newspaper - The Remnant Newspaper - Remnant Articles XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Sacred Page XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The Sensible Bond XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
The TOF Spot XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Theological Flint XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
totaliter aliter XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Traditional Catholic Priest XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Transalpine Redemptorists at home XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Unam Sanctam Catholicam XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Unequally Yoked XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Voice of the Family XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Vox Cantoris XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Vultus Christi XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Whispers in the Loggia XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
ZENIT - The World Seen From Rome XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Zippy Catholic XML 22:00, Thursday, 21 January 23:00, Thursday, 21 January
Archives...
January 2016
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
December 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
November 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829303101
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30010203040506
October 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293001020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
September 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
31010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293001020304
August 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930310102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31010203040506
July 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29300102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930310102
June 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29300102030405
May 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
April 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30310102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930010203
March 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
23242526272801
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30310102030405
February 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829303101
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272801
January 2015
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29303101020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
December 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29303101020304
November 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930310102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
October 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29300102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930310102
September 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29300102030405
August 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
July 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
June 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829303101
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30010203040506
May 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293001020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
April 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
31010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293001020304
March 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
24252627280102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31010203040506
February 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930310102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627280102
January 2014
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30310102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930310102
December 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
25262728293001
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30310102030405
November 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293001
October 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
August 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29303101020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
July 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29303101020304
June 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930310102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
May 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29300102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930310102
April 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29300102030405
March 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
25262728010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
February 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728010203
January 2013
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
31010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
December 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829300102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31010203040506
November 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
29303101020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829300102
October 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29303101020304
September 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930310102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
June 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293001
May 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
March 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282901020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
February 2012
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30310102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282901020304
December 2011
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293001020304
05060708091011
12131415161718
19202122232425
26272829303101
November 2011
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
31010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293001020304
July 2011
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
27282930010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
April 2011
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293001
March 2011
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
November 2010
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
01020304050607
08091011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
29300102030405
August 2010
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829303101
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30310102030405
June 2010
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
31010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293001020304
January 2010
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031
December 2009
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
30010203040506
07080910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031010203
November 2009
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
26272829303101
02030405060708
09101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30010203040506